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24 Feb

Charlie Chaplin

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Sir Charles Spencer "CharlieChaplinKBE (16 April 1889 – 25 December 1977) was a British comic actor and filmmaker. Chaplin was one of the most influential figures of the silent era, whose screen character "The Tramp" became a global phenomenon and remains one of cinema's most iconic images. His career in entertainment spanned more than 75 years, from Victorian music hall until close to his death at the age of 88. Chaplin's high-profile public and private life encompassed both adulation and controversy.

Raised in London, Chaplin's childhood was defined by poverty and hardship. He was sent to a workhouse twice before the age of nine; his father was absent, and his mother was committed to a mental asylum. Chaplin began performing from a young age, touring music halls with a clog dancing troupe and later working as a stage actor and comedian. At 19 he was signed to the prestigious Fred Karnocompany, which took him to America. It was while touring with the comedy troupe that Chaplin was scouted by the film industry. His first appearances came in 1914 with Keystone Studios, where he developed the Tramp persona and formed a large fan base. Chaplin directed his films from an early stage, and continued to hone his craft as he moved to the EssanayMutual, and First Nationalcorporations. By 1918, he was one of the richest and most famous men in the world.

In 1919, Chaplin co-founded the distribution company United Artists, giving him complete control over his films. His first feature-lengthpicture was The Kid (1921), followed by A Woman of Paris (1923), The Gold Rush (1925), and The Circus (1928). He refused to move to sound films in the 1930s, instead producing City Lights (1931) and Modern Times (1936) without dialogue. Chaplin became increasingly political and his next film, The Great Dictator (1940), satirised Adolf Hitler. The 1940s was a decade marked with controversy for Chaplin, and his popularity declined rapidly. He was accused of communist sympathies, while his involvement in a paternity suit and marriages to much younger women were considered scandalous. An FBI investigation was opened on Chaplin, and he was eventually forced to leave the United States and settle in Switzerland. He abandoned the Tramp for his later films, which includeMonsieur Verdoux (1947), Limelight (1952), A King in New York (1957), and A Countess From Hong Kong (1967).

Chaplin wrote, directed, produced, edited, scored, and starred in most of his films. He was a perfectionist, and his financial independence meant he often spent years on the development and production of a picture.

Kristina

Kristina

Hello my name is Kristina, I'm 13 years old.  I am interested in art and music.  I live in Negotino in Macedonia.

1 comment

  • Bozanka Ilievska

    Dear Kristina,it is not allowed to copy-paste from the Internet. The point is that you write it alone,to express your ideas, beliefs and opinions. You can do it, you can write what you think of this famous actor :)

    Bozanka Ilievska Sunday, 24 February 2013 15:44 Comment Link
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